Increased population in Quebec, but lower than elsewhere in Canada
QUÉBEC – The Québec population grew by 87,000 people in 2018 and reached 8.48 million people on July 1, but its growth rate remained below that of the Canadian average.
The Demographic Report published Tuesday by the Quebec Institute of Statistics therefore concludes that Québec’s demographic weight in Canada has decreased slightly to 22.6 per cent on July 1.
The number of births was estimated at 83,800 last year, compared to 83,855 in 2017. The total fertility rate was 1.59 children per woman, compared to 1.60 in 2017.
This index has been falling since the recent peak of 1.73 children per woman registered in 2008 and 2009.
As for the number of deaths, it has been estimated at 68,600 in 2018, 2,300 more than in 2017. This increase is part of a general upward trend in the number of deaths observed due to the aging of the population. .
The Statistics Institute reports that the population gain related to net international migration was nearly 43,000 in Quebec in 2018, down from 44,300 the previous year. This is the difference between the 51,100 newly admitted international immigrants and the approximately 8300 emigrants.
The main countries of birth of immigrants admitted to Québec in 2018 are China (10.4 per cent), France (7.7 per cent), India (7.5 per cent), Syria (5.7 per cent) and percent) and Algeria (5.4 percent).
The net interprovincial migration of Quebec with the rest of Canada was negative of 5800 people in 2018; it had been negative of 6,000 in 2017, 10,600 in 2016 and, on average, 14,000 from 2013 to 2015.
As of July 1, 21 percent of Quebec’s population was under the age of 20; 60 per cent were aged 20 to 64 and 19 per cent were in the age group 65 and over. The share of 20-64 year-olds in the total population is decreasing, while that of those aged 65 and over continues to increase.
The ISQ balance sheet adds that the number of marriages was estimated at 22,800 in 2018, 83 fewer than in 2017. According to preliminary data, same-sex marriages accounted for 3 per cent last year. of all marriages.
In Quebec, the current marriage parameters indicate that barely 28 percent of men and 31 percent of women would marry at least once before their 50th birthday.